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National program of space activities-Brasil. Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI); Agência Espacial Brasileira (AEB)2005The National Program of Space Activities - PNAE - is strategic for the sovereign development of Brazil. The importance of capacity building in the domain of space technology which, in a broader sense, includes launch centers, launch vehicles, sattleites and payloads, arises from its relevance for the nation's future. No strategic technologies will be made available by third parties. These must be develop with domestic resources, in a widespread and integrated manner, in order to address the challenges posed by the area of satellite telecommunications and imaging. Only those countries that master space technology will have the autonomy develop global evolution scenarios, which consider both the impact of human action, as well as of natural phenomena. These countries will be able to state their positions and hold their ground at diplomatic negotiating tables. The third review of the PNAE, which covers the period between 2005 and 2014, has followed the above guidelines. The following text is the result of a public debate, which culminated at the Brazilian Space Program Review Seminar, held at the National Congress in December, 2004. This effort included the participation of representatives of the government, and the scientific, academic and business communities. As shown by the review, during the administration of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, a clear upward trend in investment has taken place with regard to the Brazilian space program, as a result of the Government's commitment towards the national development of science, technology and innovation. Full advantage of this opportunity will be taken, so that Brazil may become a member of the select group of countries possessing space technology. I would like thank all the institutions - especially the representatives of the Air Force Command, of the Ministry of Defence - that contributed towards the PNAE 2005-2014. This recognition I also extend to the Brazilian Space Agency and its Superior Council, who were ultimately responsible for this plan, which recognizes the capacity of the Brazilian people to look strategically into the future, reflecting the maturity of the Nation and its leaders.